Please note that the shiur below was divided into 2 sound files for ease of download.
The bestowal of the neshama yeteira reflects the renewal from above that is bestowed on the Bnei Yaakov every shabbat when they join with their 'father' identity Yisrael.
Corrigenda: the term דעת (daat) more accurately translates as knowledge, rather than intelligence (n.).
Despite the differences in their paths to serving Hashem, all of Bnei Yisrael unifies in the context of His revealed presence--whether in the space of the Beit HaMikdash, or within the time frame of Shabbat.
The inherent duality (shniyut) within the human being of the yetzer hatov (good inclination) and the yetzer hara (evil inclination)--and a vision of the end of the days of duality ("miketz shnatayim yamim") by experiencing peace and coming to realize the illusory nature of evil. Can we catch a glimpse of this every seventh day on Shabbat?In memory of my grandmother, Eva Filler, Chava Bracha bat Ben-Tzion Halevi z"l.